Read Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals: Text & Critical Essays by Immanuel Kant Free Online


Ebook Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals: Text & Critical Essays by Immanuel Kant read! Book Title: Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals: Text & Critical Essays
The author of the book: Immanuel Kant
Edition: Bobbs-Merrill Company, Inc. (Indianapolis, IN)
Date of issue: 1969
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 754 KB
City - Country: No data
Loaded: 1957 times
Reader ratings: 7.1
ISBN: No data
ISBN 13: No data
Language: English

Read full description of the books:



The Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals or Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals (Grundlegung zur Metaphysik der Sitten), Immanuel Kant's 1st contribution to moral philosophy, argues for an a priori basis for morality. Where the Critique of Pure Reason laid out his metaphysical & epistemological ideas, this relatively short, primarily metaethical, work was intended to outline & define the concepts & arguments shaping his future work The Metaphysics of Morals. However, the latter work is much less read than the Groundwork. The Groundwork is notable for its explanation of the categorical imperative, which is the central concept of his moral philosophy.
The Groundwork is broken into a preface, followed by three sections. Kant's argument works from common reason up to the supreme unconditional law, in order to identify its existence. He then works backwards from there to prove the relevance & weight of the moral law. The 3rd & final section of the book is famously obscure. It's partly because of this he decided to publish the Critique of Practical Reason in 1788.


Download Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals: Text & Critical Essays PDF Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals: Text & Critical Essays PDF
Download Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals: Text & Critical Essays ERUB Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals: Text & Critical Essays PDF
Download Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals: Text & Critical Essays DOC Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals: Text & Critical Essays PDF
Download Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals: Text & Critical Essays TXT Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals: Text & Critical Essays PDF



Read information about the author

Ebook Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals: Text & Critical Essays read Online! Immanuel Kant was an 18th-century philosopher from Königsberg, Prussia (now Kaliningrad, Russia). He's regarded as one of the most influential thinkers of modern Europe & of the late Enlightenment. His most important work is The Critique of Pure Reason, an investigation of reason itself. It encompasses an attack on traditional metaphysics & epistemology, & highlights his own contribution to these areas. Other main works of his maturity are The Critique of Practical Reason, which is about ethics, & The Critique of Judgment, about esthetics & teleology.

Pursuing metaphysics involves asking questions about the ultimate nature of reality. Kant suggested that metaphysics can be reformed thru epistemology. He suggested that by understanding the sources & limits of human knowledge we can ask fruitful metaphysical questions. He asked if an object can be known to have certain properties prior to the experience of that object. He concluded that all objects that the mind can think about must conform to its manner of thought. Therefore if the mind can think only in terms of causality–which he concluded that it does–then we can know prior to experiencing them that all objects we experience must either be a cause or an effect. However, it follows from this that it's possible that there are objects of such a nature that the mind cannot think of them, & so the principle of causality, for instance, cannot be applied outside experience: hence we cannot know, for example, whether the world always existed or if it had a cause. So the grand questions of speculative metaphysics are off limits, but the sciences are firmly grounded in laws of the mind. Kant believed himself to be creating a compromise between the empiricists & the rationalists. The empiricists believed that knowledge is acquired thru experience alone, but the rationalists maintained that such knowledge is open to Cartesian doubt and that reason alone provides us with knowledge. Kant argues, however, that using reason without applying it to experience will only lead to illusions, while experience will be purely subjective without first being subsumed under pure reason. Kant’s thought was very influential in Germany during his lifetime, moving philosophy beyond the debate between the rationalists & empiricists. The philosophers Fichte, Schelling, Hegel and Schopenhauer saw themselves as correcting and expanding Kant's system, thus bringing about various forms of German Idealism. Kant continues to be a major influence on philosophy to this day, influencing both Analytic and Continental philosophy.


Reviews of the Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals: Text & Critical Essays


FREDDIE

Book will go one time.

JACOB

I was inspired by this book!

ERIN

The butterflies in my stomach have died ...

RORY

Rarely do the books make me cry, but this one could.

BROOKE

Bogus! You could have done better.




Add a comment




Download EBOOK Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals: Text & Critical Essays by Immanuel Kant Online free

PDF: foundations-of-the-metaphysics-of-morals-text-amp-critical-essays.pdf Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals: Text & Critical Essays PDF
ERUB: foundations-of-the-metaphysics-of-morals-text-amp-critical-essays.epub Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals: Text & Critical Essays ERUB
DOC: foundations-of-the-metaphysics-of-morals-text-amp-critical-essays.doc Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals: Text & Critical Essays DOC
TXT: foundations-of-the-metaphysics-of-morals-text-amp-critical-essays.txt Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals: Text & Critical Essays TXT